Jumat, 02 Maret 2012

In vitro vascular effects of cicletanine in pregnancy-induced hypertension

A.B. Ebeigbe & *M. Cabanie

Department of Physiology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria and *IHB Research Laboratories, 17 Avenue Descartes, F-92350 Le Plessis Robinson, France

1.      The vascular effects of cicletanine have been studied in vitro on ring preparations of inferior epigastric arteries from normotensive human females and human females with pregnancy-induced hypertension (preeclampsia).
2.      Cicletanine (10-3 M) elicited concentration-dependent relaxation of vessels precontracted with 10-7 M noradrenaline (NA) or 60mm K+ but was more potent in the former. Relaxation was significantly greater in rings from preeclamptic patients and was uninfluenced by endothelium removal.
3.      The intracellular Ca-dependent contractile responses to 10-5 M NA in Ca-free medium as well as the subsequent extracellular Ca-dependent contractions (on restoration of external Ca) were significantly attenuated dose-dependently by cicletanine (10-5 M, 3 x 10-4 M) in arterial rings from both normotensive and preeclamptic patients. Cicletanine also relaxed rings precontracted by 25 mm K+ but was ineffective against 80mm K+-induced contractions.
4.      The inhibition of intracellular Ca-dependent contractions was significantly greater in rings from preeclamptic than from normotensive patients whereas extracellular Ca-dependent contractions were comparably inhibited in both groups. Nifedipine, on the other hand, had little effect on the intracellular Ca-dependent contractions but significantly depressed extracellular Ca-dependent contractions.
5.      Cicletanine-induced relaxation was uninfluenced by pretreatment with propranolol, ouabain, tetraethylammonium, procaine, indomethacin, cimetidine or tetrodotoxin but was antagonized by glibenclamide.
6.      The results show that cicletanine inhibits contractile responses of human isolated inferior epigastric arteries by a mechanism unrelated to endothelial factors but associated with inhibition of calcium metabolism. An action of cicletanine on glibenclamide-sensitive K+ channels is also suggested. Cicletanineinduced inhibition was significantly greater in arteries from preclamptic patients.

Keywords: Cicletanine; pregnancy-induced hypertension; calcium; human epigastric arteries; vascular smooth muscle; endothelium

Sumber : Br. J. Pharmacol. (1991), 103, 1992-1996
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